This section is based on interviews with project participants Per Beakgaard (DTU Compute, Soren Jacobsen (Nobina), Hannah Villadsen (Roskilde University Center), and Jeppe Rich (DTU), who are all engaged in the operation end the evaluation of the tests with driverless shuttles at DTU Campus.
The operations on DTU Campus in numbers:
- 3 Vehicles
- more than 6 month long test period (April 19th, 2021 - November 5th, 2021)
- average commercial speed per day around 5 km/h, max speed 15 km/h
- more than 3.000 hours of operation.
- On average around 91% of the time in AUTO self-driving mode.
- more than 6.000 person-trips
- around 1.000 students, staff, and visitors at DTU joined a users panel to test the shuttles, and share their expectations and experiences
- In total there have been 665 LINC app downloads, whereof 234 are for Android and the rest is for iOS.
In addition to operating the shuttles, the LINC project also released the smartphone sensing platform with a connected app for users. The platform uses GPS signals and Bluetooth beacons to sense the movements of buses and users. By doing this, the sensing platform can for example determine which users are onboard the bus and if there are users at the bus stop.
During the tests, data has been collected from the vehicles and the smartphone sensing platform. Data has also been collected in many other ways: surveys have been sent out to users, researchers have travelled with the buses to monitor behaviour, and interviews and focus groups meetings and a stated preference (SP) survey have been performed. Researchers have also performed video analysis of movements and human-robot interactions at crossings.
When this journal is written, the project team is currently in an intense phase to analyse the data since operation ended November 5th, but some learnings can be made already now.